Tech

What Are Private 5G Networks?

5G makes private networks much more attractive

Private networks aren’t new, but 5G is taking a whole new look. Companies that want to bring the benefits of low latency and ultra-high throughput indoors need to connect to an existing public network or create a private network.

Using 5G primarily in manufacturing blurs boundaries and strengthens the relationship between physical manufacturing and digital technology. 5G real-time data capabilities combined with smart technology, cloud computing, and advanced automation enable next-generation applications. This is the engine of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

What is a private network?

Private 5G networks, sometimes referred to as NPNs (Non-Public Networks), are similar to 5G available around the world. They use the same technology and offer some of the same benefits.The difference is they specialTherefore, not everyone can access it.

These networks will only be deployed for private use such as schools, hospitals, factories, other businesses and government facilities. They are independent and can be built anywhere, such as a specific building or factory.

Since the public isn’t using them, companies don’t have to wait for distribution plans to deal with or end thousands of people who can block radio waves and negatively impact network performance.

Benefits of dedicated 5G network

Many advantages lie in private 5G networks that are not possible with public networks. The most obvious is the controlled network load. Everyone-accessible 5G can be plagued by thousands of bandwidth-competing devices (despite the high speed of 5G), putting a valuable burden on some of the most data-intensive use cases. Remove it.

5G changes everything … no, really!

For example, factories that use their own 5G, production or sales only, or AR, VR, automation, video conferencing, surveillance, robotics, big data transfer, analytics, sensors, and more. It can be made accessible in high bandwidth related scenarios.

Most of the network capacity can be allocated to a small number of elements so that everything works with maximum efficiency. It’s much harder to control in a public network. In addition, all the resources needed for the network are hosted in one place, eliminating the need for data to go through multiple routers.

Public networks need to handle that data publicly and serve thousands of users at the same time. Campuses, hospitals, or private businesses using private 5G networks can leverage edge computing to process all nearby or on-site data for added security and communication. It can be speeded up. Maintenance can be done in-house with the support team.

How are they distributed?

Enterprises can deploy public 5G networks in two ways. The company can either buy the hardware and get help from existing network operators, or buy its own 5G spectrum for all delivery.

3GPP defines them as follows:

  • Public Network Integrated NPN (PNI-NPN) as a distributed non-public network that supports PLMN.
  • As a stand-alone NPN (SNPN) operated by an NPN operator, it does not depend on the network functions provided by PLMN (Public Land Mobile Network).

An example of a private 5G network is provided by Verizon Business. This allows businesses to set up their own private 5G networks in the field.

In late 2020, they tested indoor cell sites for 5G in buildings, demonstrating the ability to achieve high-performance mmWave coverage in indoor spaces such as manufacturing plants, warehouses, and schools. ..

According to Verizon:

Private 5G networks provide customers with the ability to have an on-premises cloud. Accelerate enterprise automation and digitization efforts, delivering Verizon’s mmWave bandwidth and reliability, along with advanced features such as Edge AI, computer vision, and other new technologies, as well as scalability to handle large numbers of devices. To do.

Some of AT & T’s mmWave 5G Enterprise customers are testing their private 5G networks for business using state-of-the-art in-house hardware. Some use cases include augmented reality in retail stores and self-driving cars that do not require built-in data processing capabilities.

AWS Private 5G is Amazon’s enterprise private 5G service. Order the coverage and capacity requirements for your network and AWS. “Build and expand your private mobile network in days.


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What Are Private 5G Networks?

5G makes private networks much more appealing

Private networks aren’t new, but they take on a whole new form with 5G. A business wanting to bring low lag and ultra-high-speed benefits indoors must either connect to an existing public network or build a private one.

5G, primarily when used in manufacturing, blurs the line and strengthens the relationship between physical production and digital technology. 5G’s real-time data capabilities allow for next-gen applications, coupled with smart tech, cloud computing, and enhanced automation. It’s a driving force behind the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

What Is a Private Network?

Sometimes called NPNs (Non-Public Networks), private 5G networks are similar to the 5G that’s available worldwide—the same tech is used, and they deliver some of the same benefits. The difference is that they’re private, so they’re not available to just anyone.

These networks are deployed exclusively for non-public use, like schools, hospitals, factory floors, and other businesses or government facilities. They’re self-contained and can be constructed anywhere, like within specific buildings or factories.

Since the public does not use them, the business doesn’t have to wait for rollout plans to finish or deal with thousands of people clogging up the airwaves and negatively affecting the network’s performance.

Private 5G Network Benefits

Several advantages come with private 5G networks that aren’t realized in public ones. The most obvious is controlled network load. 5G that’s open for anyone to use can get bogged down (despite 5G’s fast speeds) with thousands of devices competing for bandwidth, thus stripping valuable load from some of the more data-hungry and vital use cases.

5G Changes Everything…No, Really!

For example, a factory using private 5G can have it accessible only for high bandwidth-demanding scenarios related to production or sales, or AR, VR, automation, video conferencing, surveillance, robotics, large data transfers, analysis, sensors, etc.

A majority of the network’s capacity could be designated to just a handful of things to make all of them work at maximum efficiency, something that’s much harder to control in a public network. Plus, data doesn’t need to traverse several routers because all the necessary resources for the network are housed at one location.

A public network deals with its data publicly and has to serve thousands of users at once. A campus, hospital, or private company using a non-public 5G network could leverage edge computing to process all of its data near or on-site for greater security and faster communications. They can do maintenance in-house with their support team.

How They’re Deployed

A business can deploy a 5G public network in two ways. The company can buy hardware and get help from an existing network operator, or do the entire deployment by purchasing its own 5G spectrum.

3GPP describes them this way:

As a public network-integrated NPN (PNI-NPN), a non-public network deployed with the support of a PLMN.
As a stand-alone NPN (SNPN) operated by an NPN operator and doesn’t rely on network functions provided by a PLMN (public land mobile network).

One example of a private 5G network is what Verizon Business offers. It lets businesses deploy their own private 5G network on site.

They demonstrated this in late 2020 when they ran indoor cell site trials that targeted 5G inside buildings so that companies can realize high-performance mmWave coverage for indoor spaces like manufacturing facilities, warehouses, and schools.

According to Verizon:

A private 5G network will offer customers the potential to have the cloud within their facility. It will accelerate enterprise automation and digitization efforts, and with Verizon’s mmWave bandwidth and reliability, it will offer the scalability to manage massive numbers of devices along with advanced capabilities such as Edge AI, computer vision and other emerging technologies.

Some of AT&T’s mmWave 5G enterprise customers are using on-premise edge compute hardware to trial private 5G networks for their businesses. Some use cases include augmented reality in retail stores and autonomous cars that don’t need built-in data processing abilities.

AWS Private 5G is a private 5G service from Amazon for enterprises. Order the coverage and capacity requirements you require for the network, and AWS delivers the necessary hardware, which it says enables you to “set up and scale a private mobile network in days.”

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